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Pinehurst No. 2 - Facts about the restoration of Pinehurst No. 2

Experience The Restoration of Pinehurst No. 2

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Experience the Restoration of Pinehurst No. 2 | Facts about the restoration of Pinehurst No. 2 Content

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Pinehurst No. 2 Fact Sheet

Pinehurst No. 2, the centerpiece of Pinehurst Resort, remains one of the world’s most celebrated golf courses. It has served as the site of more single golf championships than any course in America and, in 2014, will make history again, becoming the first to serve as host to the U.S. Open and U.S. Women’s Open Championships in consecutive weeks. Opened in 1907, No. 2 was designed by Donald Ross, who called it “the fairest test of championship golf I have ever designed.” Ross was associated with the course for nearly a half-century, improving the course continually until his death in 1948. No. 2 is best known for its crowned, undulating greens, which are some of the most complex and widely hailed in the world.

Restoration Information

Ross believed in providing golfers with strategic choices, and Pinehurst No. 2 was intended to epitomize that philosophy. In February 2010, Pinehurst contracted with the design firm of Coore & Crenshaw, Inc., to restore the natural and strategic characteristics that were the essence of Ross’ original design. The project, completed in March 2011, included the removal of about 35 acres of turf and the reintroduction of hardpan, natural bunker edges and native wire grasses.
Further details of the restoration include:

  • Increased fairway widths. Fairways have been widened to offer more strategic options in playing holes from tee to green.
  • Removal of rough. Approximately 35 acres of grassy areas that were formerly “rough” have been stripped and restored to natural areas featuring sand, wire grass, pine straw and a variety of native grasses. All rough has been eliminated from the course leaving just two lengths of grass: greens and everything else.
  • Turf maintenance. Wall-to-wall irrigation has been replaced with the center water lines that have been in place for more than 60 years. These irrigation lines will define the shapes of fairways, and grass outside of the fairways will become distressed turf.
  • Firmer, faster fairways. Firmer and wider fairways will produce more roll off the tee, which will benefit shots that remain in the fairway while penalizing shots that continue to bounce into sand, distressed areas, pine straw and native grasses.
  • Bunker modifications. Several bunkers have been restored, eliminated or reshaped based on aerial images of the course from the 1940s.

Golf Course Maintenance

  • Director, Grounds and Golf Course Management – Bob Farren CGCS
  • Pinehurst No. 2 Golf Course Superintendent – Kevin Robinson CGCS

Pinehurst No. 2 Characteristics

  • Acres on No. 2: 196
  • Acres of turf: 61 (87 prior to restoration)
  • Acres of fairways: 41 (28 prior) of tightly-mown turf, including distressed areas no longer irrigated
  • Acres of rough 0 (45 prior for regular play, 50 for past U.S. Open)
  • Acres of tees and green surrounds: 17
  • Square feet of greens: 115,000 (6,388 avg sq/ft)
  • Number of sand bunkers: 111


  • Type of irrigation system: Toro Site Pro (radio controlled heads)
  • Source of water: Lake Pinehurst
  • Total number of irrigation heads: About 450 (reduced from more than 1,100 prior to restoration)
  • Coverage on Fairways: Irrigation redesigned to cover fine turf areas minimizing irrigating areas where water is not needed
  • Greens: Dual head part circle – 1 head for putting surfaces and 1 head for green slope

Turf Varieties, Mowing Heights & Frequencies

  • Greens: Will be sodded with A1 / A4 Bent. Currently Penn G-2 Grass, mowed to 0.125”
  • Tees, fairways, green surrounds Tifway 419 Bermuda Grass, mowed to 0.4”

Championships on Pinehurst No. 2

  • U.S. Open Championship: 1999, 2005, 2014
  • Ryder Cup Matches: 1951
  • PGA Championship: 1936
  • U.S. Women's Open Championship: 2014
  • U.S. Amateur Championship: 1962, 2008
  • THE TOUR Championship: 1991, 1992
  • U.S. Senior Open Championship: 1994
  • USGA Women's Amateur: 1989
  • Men's & Women's World Amateur Team Championship: 1980
  • North & South Junior Championship: (since 1979)
  • World Open: 1973-1975
  • World Golf Hall of Fame Classic: 1976-1982
  • PGA Club Professional Championship: 1971-74, 1988
  • Western Golf Association Amateur Championship: 1966
  • Southern Golf Association Amateur Championship: 1965, 1977
  • North & South Senior Women's Amateur: (since 1958)
  • North & South Senior Amateur: (since 1952)
  • Donald Ross Junior: (since 1948)
  • North & South Women's Amateur: (since 1903)
  • North & South Open Championship: 1902-1951
  • North & South Amateur: (since 1901)

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